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Posted by eryLL

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

  • Give 5 equipment included in the Personal Protective Equipment
  • State the primary use of each of the equipment

  1. Laboratory gown - primarily for the protection of the whole body and for the arms
  2. Gloves - serves as a protective equipment for the hands, which are the main in-contact body part.
  3. Mask - prevents accidental ingestion and inhalation of chemicals and substances.
  4. Goggles - use as a shield for the eyes; to protect the eyes, which are very delicate.
  5. Hair cap - makes the hair intact and safe during laboratory work.

Case Analysis:

  • A medical technologist has finished extracting blood from a patient when suddenly he punctured himself with the needle. Unfortunately, he did not wear any protective equipment for his hands. What can he do about the accident? What preventive steps could be done?

Immediately wash the skin site with water and soap.
Report the incident to the supervisor or head of the laboratory.
Be examined for any infectious disease that can be transmitted through the needle. Do the necessary treatment for the particular disease.
 
Follow-up check-ups can be done to observe the disease progression or regression. 
Wearing gloves can minimize the accident. Any damaged glove should be removed and be replaced by another set.
 
Our hands are the main body part which are exposed to almost everything. Therefore, gloves should be worn at all times, not only because it is a protocol, but because it is important to protect ourselves from any danger or accidents.

  • A chemist was doing his daily routine in the laboratory when a chemical spilled accidentally. His body and his forearm came in contact with the spilled chemical. What can the chemist do in this situation? What could have been done to prevent this scenario?

First, the chemist should wash immediately all the affected parts of the body with running water for few minutes. Remove any contaminated clothing. Administer appropriate first-aid treatment. And may seek a medical advice for affected skin.
Alongside, a co-worker can clean the spilled chemical on the laboratory table soon after the accident happens. He can use chemical absorbents depending on the nature of the chemical spilled. 
This accident can be mostly prevented by:
- wearing a complete set of personal protective equipment
- doing the laboratory works carefully and accurately
- observing the proper behavior in the laboratory

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